Right mix of feed and fodder
Many farmers have the wrong notion that a dairy animal produces milk as some kind of bi-product or as a normal process of its reproductive life. It is improper to assume that a dairy animal is like a milk producing machine. Hence feeding farm residues or readily available organic matter is not the right choice of feed.
A dairy animal produces milk largely based on what it is fed everyday. Although other factors such as animal genetics and health do play a significant role in the quantity of milk produced, feed and fodder are the single most important inputs that determine the quantity and constitution of milk in terms of fat % and SNF % (solids not fat).
A healthy mix proteins, amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals from green leafy fodder, roughages, & concentrates, along with a constant and abundant supply of fresh potable water leads to a healthy production of milk by dairy animals.